Real Estate

Real Estate Basics: Things You Should Know


Real estate is a sought-after investment worldwide. And given its potential to generate passive income and long-term wealth, it’s no wonder many people want a slice of the pie. If you’re eyeing properties in Montreal, consider partnering with Behrooz Davani – a go-to realtor in the area.

That aside, by learning real estate fundamentals, you’ll be better poised to decide on your investment strategy and determine your potential profits. Thus, consider the aspects below before taking the plunge:


Real estate investments offer an exciting avenue to diversify your portfolio and potentially increase your financial gains. However, be mindful of the risks associated with such investments.

One common risk is a declining real estate market, which could lower property values and cause financial losses. Additionally, unexpected property damage or legal disputes can arise, leading to expenses and lengthy court battles.

The degree of risk typically varies depending on the strategy you adopt and the market in question. That said, with proper research and a thorough market understanding, you can expect your real estate investment to yield significant returns while reducing your risk exposure. Likewise, it’s advisable to consult with a trusted financial advisor before following this route.


For starters, leverage allows investors to acquire more property with the same amount of cash, thus generating higher yields by using borrowed funds. Thus, leverage offers a powerful strategy for increasing returns.

Case in point, a mortgage requires you to pay only a fraction of the property’s total cost upfront. The lender pays the remainder, and in exchange for this service, you’ll need to pay interest on top of your regular mortgage payments. Based on this arrangement, you may opt for a second mortgage to acquire more property, which would, in turn, generate revenue to cover the entire mortgage.

All the same, leverage can be risky if market dynamics change or if you bite more than you can chew. But through a thoughtful approach, you can tap into the power of leverage in real estate.

Tax Implications

Real estate investments offer attractive tax advantages. For instance, certain deductions are applicable to reduce your taxable rental income, including interest payments on mortgages or repairs made to the property.

Moreover, capital gains taxes may apply if you sell your property at a profit. But, you may take advantage of certain capital gains exclusions and reduce your overall tax burden depending on the circumstances.

Before embarking on a real estate investment journey, research the applicable tax laws to know the financial implications of such transactions. You may also get advice from a tax professional to take advantage of available deductions.

Property Valuation

Valuation is an invaluable element of the real estate process. To determine whether a property is worth the asking price, assess its overall condition. While at it, compare the property to similar homes in the area. Also, account for factors such as:

  • Nearby amenities and schools
  • Zoning regulations
  • State or local taxes associated with the property
  • Access to public transportation
  • Local crime rates

Professional appraisers can assess a property’s worth more accurately, which may impact the listing and final sale price. You may also leverage services like Zillow or Redfin to better understand your area’s real estate market. All in all, as you plan to venture into real estate, bear in mind the role valuation plays.

Types of Real Estate

It’s impractical to claim you intend to invest in real estate without knowing the various investments you can make. Generally, properties fall into multiple categories, namely:

  • Residential– This type of real estate applies to properties meant for personal or family use, including condos, townhomes, apartments, and single-family dwellings. If you intend to acquire residential properties and rent them to potential tenants, scope out areas with steady job growth and lower crime rates.
  • Commercial– These properties serve businesses. They may include office buildings, standalone apartments, retail spaces, hospitals – you name it. While you could go it alone and invest in a commercial property, the capital-intensive nature of these investments often requires teaming up with other investors. For instance, you may consider a real estate investment trust (REIT), which pools investments and channels them to commercial properties.
  • Industrial – As the moniker implies, this category covers properties used for manufacturing or industrial purposes, such as factories and warehouses. These investments are usually tailored to particular industries.
  • Land– If you’re not keen on investing in buildings, land investments could be an attractive option. As such, you may purchase undeveloped land to later subdivide and sell the parcels or develop them for various uses.

This nonexhaustive write-up provides an introduction to the realm of real estate investments. As you embark on your venture, do your due diligence and gain insights into the lucrative asset class from experts in the field.